Absolute dates
Mariupol culture (The North Pontic Region)
Neolithic and earlier
Copper Age (later 6th
millennium - earlier 5th
millennium cal BCE)

Mariupol culture
distribution
Cemeteries with
inhumations (individual
and group burials), ochre,
adornments and other
burial goods
Sample               Lab no.         Date BP        Cal range BC
                                             (2[sigma])

Vasilyevka II
1) Skeleton 20       OxA-3804   7920 [+ or -] 85      7050-6450
2) Skeleton 19       OxA-3805   7620 [+ or -] 80      6600-6220
3) Skeleton 15       OxA-3806   8020 [+ or -] 90      7300-6600

Marievka
1) Skeleton 10       Ki-6779    7550 [+ or -] 80      6510-6220
2) Skeleton 10       Ki-6781    7585 [+ or -] 80      6600-6230
3) Skeleton 14       Ki-6780    7600 [+ or -] 100     6640-6230
4) Skeleton 10       OXA-6200   7620 [+ or -] 160     6989-6060
5) Skeleton 14       OXA-6269   7630 [+ or -] 110     6615-6189
6) Skeleton 4        Ki-6782    7680 [+ or -] 90      6700-6260
7) Skeleton 4        OXA-6199   7955 [+ or -] 50      7036-6604

Vasilyevka V
1) Skeleton 29       Ki-6776    6220 [+ or -] 60      5400-4850
2) Skeleton 29       OxA-6198   6280 [+ or -] 70      5369-5059
3) Skeleton 26       Ki-6775    6325 [+ or -] 65      5480-5070
4) Skeleton 8        Ki-6777    6430 [+ or -] 50      5480-5310
5) Skeleton 8        OxA-6171   6470 [+ or -] 60      5479-5273
6) Skeleton 23       Ki-6771    6530 [+ or -] 70      5620-5360
7) Skeleton 10       Ki-6772    6620 [+ or -] 80      5710-5380
8) Skeleton 18       Ki-6773    6675 [+ or -] 65      5710-5480
9) Skeleton 20       OxA-6268   6710 [+ or -] 90      5711-5440
10) Skeleton 10      OxA-6172   6805 [+ or -] 60      5738-5531

Osipovka
1) Skeleton 53       Ki-519     5940 [+ or -] 100     5100-4550
2) Skeleton 53       Ki-517     6075 [+ or -] 125     5300-4700
3) Skeleton 20       OxA-6168   7675 [+ or -] 70      6604-6376

Dereivka I
1) Skeleton 11       Ki-3135    4820 [+ or -] 40      3700-3510
2) Skeleton 41,      Ki-2177    5190 [+ or -] 90      4250-3780
42, 43
3) Skeleton 109      OxA-5031   6110 [+ or -] 120     5274-4730
4) Skeleton 11       Ki-6728    6145 [+ or -] 55      5280-4850
5) Skeleton 49       OxA-6160   6165 [+ or -] 55      5245-4940
6) Skeleton 33       OxA-6162   6175 [+ or -] 60      5256-4940
7) Skeleton 42       OxA-6159   6200 [+ or -] 60      5263-4950
8) Skeleton 84       OxA-6161   7270 [+ or -] 110     6361-5879

Yasinovatka
1) Skeleton 63, 64   Ki-2810    5100 [+ or -] 40      3980-3790
2) Skeleton 65       Ki-3580    5890 [+ or -] 55      4910-4600
3) Skeleton 36       Ki-1171    5800 [+ or -] 70      4810-4470
4) Skeleton 15       Ki-3160    5730 [+ or -] 40      4690-4460
5) Skeleton 35       Ki-3162    5810 [+ or -] 60      4810-4510
6) Skeleton 39       Ki-6790    5860 [+ or -] 75      4910-4520
7) Skeleton 18       Ki-3032    5900 [+ or -] 90      4980-4530
8) Skeleton 34       Ki-6786    6195 [+ or -] 80      5320-4850
9) Skeleton 41       Ki-6785    6240 [+ or -] 95      5500-4850
10) Skeleton 47,     Ki-3033    6240 [+ or -] 100     5430-4930
65
11) Skeleton 90      Ki-6786    6245 [+ or -] 70      5370-4990
12) Skeleton 18      OxA-6167   6255 [+ or -] 65      5313-5053
13) Skeleton 36      OxA-5057   6260 [+ or -] 180     5564-4783
14) Skeleton 21      Ki-6789    6295 [+ or -] 70      5390-5050
15) Skeleton 45      Ki-6791    6305 [+ or -] 80      5480-5050
16) Skeleton 19      Ki-6788    6310 [+ or -] 85      5480-5050
17) Skeleton 64      OxA-5030   6330 [+ or -] 90      5437-5064
18) Skeleton 17      OxA-6166   6360 [+ or -] 75      5437-5090
19) Skeleton 45      OxA-6164   6360 [+ or -] 60      5432-5148
20) Skeleton 19      OxA-6165   6370 [+ or -] 60      5434-5221
21) Skeleton 5       OxA-6163   6465 [+ or -] 60      5476-5271

Nikolskoye
1) Skeleton 79?      Ki-3410    5200 [+ or -] 30      4216-3976
2) Skeleton 115      Ki-3284    5200 [+ or -] 30      4216-3976
3) Pit 3             Ki-3158    5230 [+ or -] 40      4220-3960
4) Skeleton 105      Ki-5159    5340 [+ or -] 50      4330-4000
5) Skeleton 125      Ki-3283    5460 [+ or -] 40      4450-4220
6) Skeleton 1        Ki-3575    5560 [+ or -] 30      4460-4350
7) Pit 3             Ki-3125    5560 [+ or -] 30      4460-4340
8) Skeleton 137      OxA-5052   6145 [+ or -] 70      5252-4861
9) Skeleton 125      Ki-6603    6160 [+ or -] 70      5300-4850
10) Skeleton 94      OxA-6155   6225 [+ or -] 75     5286-49447
11) Skeleton 125     OxA-5029   6300 [+ or -] 80      5428-5060
TABLE 2. Comparison of male craniological series from burial grounds
of Neolithic and Eneolithic cultures of southeastern Europe.

N       features                 MTC/DDR      SSC         New
                                                   Danilovka
                                                   type

1       cranial length           193.1/165/   195.0/15/   194.2/5/
8       cranial breadth          144/176/     142.1/15/   145.0/5/
8:1     cranial index            74/91/       72.8/15/    74.4/5/
45      bizygomatic breadth      146.5/91/    139.5/10/   147.0/4/
48      nasion-alveolar height   73.6/87/     70.3/12/    69.5/2/
48:45   upper facial index       50.2/74/     50.2/10/    47.4/2/
52:51   orbital index            71.8/95/     73.2/12/    74.9/4/
54:55   nasal index              49.2/83/     49.3/10/    49.5/2/
77      nasomalar angle          139.6/87/    140.3/10/   141.2/3/
 zygomaxillary angle      127.1/68/    127.2/10/   134.5/2/

N       features                 Trypolie   Kemi-Oba
                          culture    culture

1       cranial length           183.4/5/   194.7/7/
8       cranial breadth          132.6/5/   138.0/8/
8:1     cranial index            72.3/5/    70.0/7/
45      bizygomatic breadth      127.8/4/   130.2/5/
48      nasion-alveolar height   69.0/2/    73.2/4/
48:45   upper facial index       52.1/2/    56.7/4/
52:51   orbital index            74.0/4/    77.8/4/
54:55   nasal index              50.2/2/    48.3/4/
77      nasomalar angle          137.0/3/   132.6/3/
 zygomaxillary angle      123.1/2/   114.5/2/

MTC/DDR = Mariupol type cemeteries of Dnieper-Donets community
SSC = Sredny Stog II culture

References:  Telegin D.Ya. et al., Antiquity 76, 2002.


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Global Travel LC
Newly published records:
The Kuban region:
Staronizhesteblievskaya
site (Krasnoarmeysky
District, Krasnodar
territory): 5 graves of the  
Mariupol type.
(Stratum 2, 2001-2002)