Prehistoric Sites in the Balkans
Under construction

Related websites:
Was Indo-European Invasion in the Balkans?



The idea of the WEB catalogue is to bring to the interested in Balkan Prehistory brief information about some of the most
important excavated sites and  some sites that give a specific information or have values for the local regional characteristics.  
The catalogue has been prepared and gradually updated with new data by
Lolita Nikolova, PhD.
Internal links:
General periodization and chronological scheme of the Prehistoric Balkans
Prehistory of Eurasia (with further internal links)
External link to a map online to locate the sites
http://nona.net/features/map/placedetail.902800/Karlovo/

Bakarno Gumno.
Country: Macedonia
Location/Situation: On the terrace of the Blato River, a tributary of the Crna Reka River.
Type: Tell.
Stratigraphy: Ia - 2.60/3.10 m; Ib - 1.70/2.60 m; II: 0.50/1.70 m; III: 0.00/0.50 m.
Relative chronology: Ia: earlier Copper Age (?); Ib: Final Copper Age: Bakarno Gumno - Šuplevac Group; II: Final Copper Age:
Bakarno Gumno - Šuplevac Group; III: Early Bronze II.
Houses and other settlement features: Ib - a rectangular house.
Emblematic pottery: Ia-II: graphite,
pointillée in combination with channels; II: crusted pottery.
Specific finds: II: Headless and semi-sitting figurines.
Graves: II: Burials in semi-sitting position.
Reference: Nikolova L. 1999, The Balkans in Later Prehistory (BAR 791). BAR. Oxford, p. 27.

Bikovo
Country: Bulgaria.
Type: Tell.
Excavations: 1948-1949 (P. Detev).
Stratigraphy/Relative chronology: I: Copper Age; II: Early Bronze I?, II, III (1.50 m thick cultural layer).
Reference: Nikolova L. 1999, The Balkans in Later Prehistory (BAR 791). BAR. Oxford, p. 27.

Bresnica - Anište
Country: Serbia.
Location/Situation: A mild sloping river terrace on the right bank of the Perački Potok stream. Sebia.
Type: Open settlement.
Excavations: 1984. M. Ikodanović.
20 sq. m.
Stratigraphy: 1 layer, 0.40 m thick (0.70 m with the pits).
Relative chronology: Neolithic (Starčevo culture).
Houses and other settlement features: Pit-dwellings; pit.
Reference: The Neolithic of Serbia. Archaeological research 1948-1988. Ed by D Srejović. The University of Belgrade.
Belgrade. 1988, p. 51, No. 27.

Bukri
Country: Macedonia.
Location/Situation: 600 m to the south of the village.
Type: Tell.
Size: diameter - 70 m, height - 3 m.
Excavations: 1983 (D. Simoska).
Relative chronology: Local Copper Age and Bronze Age.
Reference: Nikolova L. 1999, The Balkans in Later Prehistory (BAR 791). BAR. Oxford, p. 27.

Gornja Gorevnica - Trsine (GG)
Country: Serbia
Location/Situation: on a plateau above the Cemernica River, a tributary of the Western Morava River. (
map)
Type: Open settlement.
Excavations: 1982, 1986 (Lidija Nikitović).
Size: 1.6 thick cultural layer.
Stratigraphy: Two dwelling levels.
Relative chronology: Early Copper Age.
Culture: Vinča - Pločnik I (GG phase A) and II (GG phase B)
Houses: GG A: preserved width of 6.2 m; foundation trench dug into the subsoil (0.60-0.80 m wide). A system of beams in the
center of the trench; rubble in the trench and in the postholes; two massive beams supported in the NE part the roof
construction; polished pottery.
Specific material: GG B: numerous unfinished axes of sedimentary magnesite.
Pottery: GG A: black and reddish-brown polished pottery; GG B: grey and black poor ornamented pottery (mainly channeling).
Reference: Nikitović 1986.

Klenak - Adžine, Njive.
Country: Serbia.
Location/Situation: In the village of Klenak.
Type: Open settlement.
Excavations: 1970, 45 sq. m. M. Vasiljević.
Relative chronology: I: Local Early Neolithic (Starčevo/red-painted), II: Late Neolithic (Vinča), III: Early Bronze Age.
Houses: I: 3 pit-dwellings; II: grounded houses
Specific finds: Figurines (Starčevo, Vinča)
Reference: The Neolithic of Serbia. Archaeological research 1948-1988. Ed by D Srejović. The University of Belgrade.
Belgrade. 1988, p. 51, No. 27.

Mala Vrbica - Ajmana. Serbia.
Country: Serbia.
Location/Situation: On the right bank of the Danube. A mild slope.
Type: Multilevel settlement.
Excavations: 1981-1982, 1984. B. Stalio, Djerdap II Project.
710 sq. m.
Stratigraphy: 1,20-1,80 m thick cultural layer (- 2.26 m [pits])
Relative chronology: Local Neolithic (Proto-Starčevo and Starčevo), Copper Age, Bronze Age and later periods.
Houses: No.
Specific finds: Neolithic - altars.
Graves: A pit with a 17 flexed skeletons. No grave goods.
Reference: The Neolithic of Serbia. Archaeological research 1948-1988. Ed by D Srejović. The University of Belgrade.
Belgrade. 1988, p. 51, No. 92.

Vršac - At.
Country: Serbia.
Location/Situation: Banat, on the NW periphery of the village of Vršac.
Type: Multilevel settlement.
Excavations: 1975. P. Medović. 92 sq. m.
Relative chronology: local Upper Palaeolithic, Late Neolithic (Vinča), Bronze Age, Late Iron Age.
Houses and other settlement features: Neolithic - grounded houses, ovens.
Reference: The Neolithic of Serbia. Archaeological research 1948-1988. Ed by D Srejović. The University of Belgrade.
Belgrade. 1988, p. 51, No. 44.
Parameters:
Country:
Location/Situation:
Type:
Size:
Excavations:
Stratigraphy:
Relative chronology:
Houses and other
settlement features:
Emblematic pottery:
Specific finds:
Graves:
2007-2009© Lolita Nikolova, PhD.