Problems of the Social Reproduction and of the
Visible and Invisible Social Powers in Prehistoric
Eurasia (How were the Advancement and the Social
Astuteness Fuelled in Prehistory?)
September 20th, 2007
organized by Lolita Nikolova (Bulgaria and USA)
Marco Merlini (Italy)
Participants and abstracts
Articles published at (1, 2)
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The 13th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Zadar,
Croatia, 18-23.09.2007
© 2007 International Institute of Anthropology, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
Eight presentations covered key topics of Archaeology of Early Eurasia,
each one followed by a discussion with respect to the session’s
problems. The emergence of the earliest symbols  was discussed by
Paola Ucelli Gnesutta (Italy) based on her own Paleolithic excavations
in Italy. Lolita Nikolova (Bulgaria/USA) stressed on the age
classification scheme of the development of the individuals known from
the contemporaneous psychological literature and the problems of its
application to the prehistoric social behavior. Marco Merlini (Italy)
reported computerized data on the earliest signs from the Balkans with
elements of writings. The problem of the early writing was further
extensively discussed by Paola Demattè (Italy/USA) based on Chinese
records. Cristian Schuster (Romania) presented numerous
archaeological data from prehistoric Romania opening the discussion of
their ambiguous character for social interpretation.  The anthropologist
Alexandra Comsa (Romania) used both anthropological and
burialgoods data to advance our knowledge on the Bronze Age
cemeteries (e.g. Zimnicea) in terms of social differentiation. Alenka
Tomaž (Slovenia) pointed to some non-metal ornaments from
prehistoric Slovenia. And finally, through slide show, musical
instruments and sound Tinaig Clodoré-Tissot (France) discussed the
role of music in Bronze Age Europe.

There were many questions to the presenters, as well as a discussion
on the cultural code of the archaeological records towards many social
practices known from traditional cultures and on the interrelation
between the inductive and deductive research. The conclusion from the
session is that to answer the question How the Advancement and the
Social Astuteness were Fueled in Prehistory we need a broad integration
of the archaeological data and science with cultural anthropology,
biological and social psychology and sociology that may result in an
integrated discipline Social-psychological Prehistory.